Conjugal Slavery in War (CSiW)

Conjugal Slavery in War (CSiW) is a partnership for the study of enslavement, marriage, and masculinities which aims at contributing to knowledge and understanding of forced marriage in war while training the next generation of researchers (community and university-based) and producing innovative public education to impact multiple levels of public policy. CSiW Partnerships is a collaborative project spans four university Partners, six community-based Partners, ten countries, and twenty collaborators and co-applicants.

The project’s areas of focus are:

  • Histories of conjugal slavery
  • Masculinities and fatherhood in war
  • Children Born of war
  • Justice and reparation

The project launch and team meeting was held in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in February 2016. The project timeline is from 2015 – 2020.

Project Objectives
The project partners are expected to achieve the following project goals and objectives. dRPC as a partner falls under the Femininities and Masculinities thematic group.

Thematic Group Project Goal / Objectives
Historicizing  Gender norms in War
  • Contribute to knowledge and understanding of the relationship between Wartime violence and existing/historical gender norms and histories of slavery.
  • Making more accessible original data and archival material.
Femininities and Masculinities
  • Contribute to knowledge and understanding of masculinities and femininities in forced marriage in war
  • Making accessible original interview material and grey literature;
  • Policy dialogue  
Children Born of War Fill the gaps in the literature on CBoW with respect to the African continent
International Justice Mechanisms
  • Contribute to knowledge and understanding of post-conflict justice mechanisms
  • Research capacity buiding of local partners and students
  • Impact legal developments and policy discussions

The project is funded through grant from Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) and the partners’ contribution in cash and in Kind.

Partners & Countries Participating in the Study
The partnership consist of community-based and university researchers and partners from 10 countries – Liberia, Nigeria, Uganda, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Democratic Republic Congo (DRC), South Sudan, Mali and the UK. The projects partners are:

S/No Organisation/Institution Country
1 Aiding Disadvantaged and Traumatized Women and Girls (ADWANGA) Liberia


2 development Research and Project Centre Nigeria


3 Solidarité féminine pour la paix et le développement Intégral (SOFEPADI), Democratic Republic of the Congo


Democratic Republic of the Congo


4 Liu Institute for Global Issues, University of British Columbia


5 Refugee Law Project, Makerere University


6 Solidarité pour l’épanouissement des veuves et des orphelins visant le travail et l’auto-promotion (SEVOTA)


7 Plan International


8 Department of Political Studies, University of Witwatersrand


South Africa
9 The Women’s Forum of Sierra Leone


Sierra Leone


10 The Harriet Tubman Institute, York University